Like the title above, on this occasion we will discuss about one of the cheap, environmentally friendly sources of electrical energy that has reach to remote and isolated areas in Indonesia.
It cannot be denied that in the present time the need for electricity is already very high, both for industrial and household needs. This resulted in the PLN which is a government-owned company tasked with producing and distributing electrical energy throughout the territory of Indonesia starting to be overwhelmed.
The increase in the number of consumers is not proportional to the availability of electricity. So that it is no longer a secret that there are still many regions that have not been able to enjoy electricity for lighting and make it easier to do all daily activities, especially remote and isolated areas.
To overcome the lack of electricity for households, the government began to promote the use of solar electricity. Solar power plants are power plants that convert solar energy (sunlight) into electrical energy. Solar Plants utilizes sunlight which is an unlimited number of natural resources as an alternative to produce electricity.
Types of solar power plants
Solar power plants themselves can be divided into two when viewed from the method of generating electricity:
- Solar Photovoltaic Plants
This type of generator is commonly used in households because it is simpler and does not require a large area.
The way the Solar Fotovoltaik works to produce electricity is to use the voltage difference due to the photoelectric effect. Solar panels consist of 3 layers, namely the first layer is usually called the P layer, then in the middle there is a boundary layer and the last is the N layer. .
- Solar Thermal Power Plant
This type of power plant requires a large area and a lot of equipment. The greater the electrical energy you want to produce, the wider it will be
The workings of thermal power plants by concentrating solar energy using a lens or mirror to a point that will be used to heat the fluid. The heated fluid will be used to heat the water to become steam which will be used to rotate the turbine connected to the generator. This generator produces electricity.
Benefits of solar power generation
After we know the various types of Solar Plants, we will discuss what are the benefits of solar, environmental and economic power plants:
- Environmental side
Solar Plants will not result in a crisis of energy scarcity because it uses sunlight which is an abundant and never-ending renewable energy unlike the savings with fossil fuels.
Solar Plants is clean because it does not produce dangerous carbon emissions which is one of the causes of climate change.
Solar Plants does not produce sound and vibration so it does not cause hearing loss.
- Economic side
Solar Plants does require quite expensive costs at the beginning, but then it will be more economical because we do not need to buy sunshine or free.
Solar Plants installation is easy, can be moved and free of maintenance costs.
Solar Plants can be purchased according to the size of the electricity needed daily, the greater the electricity produced, the more expensive the price will be.
- Side Reach
Solar Plants is very suitable for use in Indonesia which has a tropical climate, especially in remote and isolated areas that are very difficult to reach. So that people in the area can also feel electricity like the people in the city.
By reading the article about the benefits of solar power plants above, it can be concluded that Indonesia is very suitable to use Solar Plants because of the abundant sunlight throughout the year.
Although the costs required are quite large at the beginning of the installation but with long-term use it will be profitable. Solar Plants is one of the very good alternatives for fulfilling the need for electricity in the isolated and isolated areas. May be useful.