When the world’s leading climate scientists complete the latest and most complete report on climate change and ways to address the problem, the main question that arises is: what’s new? Has it changed since the last issuance of the UN Climate report (Assessment Report4) in 2007?
On the ‘ solution ‘ side, the answer is quite simple:
Nuclear power does not change much. The IPCC noted that nuclear capacity declined globally and that, in terms of financial worthiness, nuclear power faced many obstacles. “Carbon Capture and Storage” (CCS) is also not really a breakthrough. While IPCC identifies the needs and potential of emission reductions with CCS help in the future, in fact, CCS does not give such gains and since the year 2007, “Research has outlined more and more challenges Practical for commercial investments in CCS “.
The big news is that there is a new breakthrough in renewable energy in just a few years, solar and wind technologies have grown so competitively and broadly, they are gradually reshaping the common perception of climate change mitigation. The word ‘ saving the climate too difficult and too expensive ‘ is now transformed into ‘ we can do this! ‘. Even in the field of pure economy, renewable energy (Renewable Energy) is set to gradually compete and replace fossil fuels. According to IPCC: “Since Assessment Report 4, many renewable energy technologies have shown progress in terms of substantial performance and cost reduction. More and more renewable energy technologies have reached sufficient maturity, allowing for a significant spread of scale (strong and promising evidence). ”
So, how in practice? Here are 10 mild facts:
1. Now there is a 15-fold increase in the use of solar energy and 3 times the use of wind energy worldwide since the year 2007.
2. The cost incurred for solar and wind energy has decreased deeply. Renewable energy becomes a new source of electrical energy at the lowest cost.
According to IRENA, the price of electrical network installation from wind energy has decreased by 18% since 2009, with turbine costs that also dropped by almost 30% since 2008, making it a new power source with the cheapest cost in the market that Wider.
In some countries such as Australia, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Turkey, India and across the U.S. state, the cost of electricity production of wind energy today is comparable even can be lower compared to fossil fuels.
For solar energy, the speed of lowering costs is even more dramatic. Solar photovoltaic (PV) costs have decreased by 80% since the year 2008 (!), and are expected to continue to decline. So the cost for solar energy is now more competitive when compared to conventional energy without subsidies.
In 2013, in countries such as Italy, Germany and Spain, which will also be followed by Mexico and France, commercial solar power has even reached a point of Coolimbanagan or ‘ grid parity ‘ (i.e. the point where generating electricity with solar power Cost is comparable or even cheaper than buying from an electrical network).
3. Renewable energy is now a ‘ mainstream ‘: in the OECD countries (the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), 80% of the new generation of electric networks added from now to 2020 are expected to already use Renewable energy.
In non-OECD countries, the use of conventional energy still dominates, but renewable energy has become the largest source of new generation energy. Even recently China began to curb the use of coal and limit new coal factories in several regions, projections on the use of new conventional energy generation can still change.
4. Each country has reached a major in the use of wind, solar and other renewable energy in Spain, wind energy is the highest source of electrical energy in the country at 2013, compared to the energy of nuclear, coal and Gas. Renewable energy provides 42% of the total electricity demand in mainland Spain at 2013, and provides 50% in the first half of 2014.
- In Denmark, wind energy is capable of providing 41% of the total power consumption in the country in the first half of 2014.
- In South Australia, wind energy is able to reach a record by generating electricity amounting to 43% of the country’s total electricity demand during July 2014.
- In the Philippines, renewable energy – especially energy from geothermal – is capable of providing 30% of the country’s total electricity demand.
- In the United States, the States of Iowa and South Dakota produce about 24% of their electricity with wind energy by the year 2012. Then the overall nine U.S. states produce more than 10% of their electricity by utilizing wind energy.
- In India, the state of Tamil Nadu already produces about 13% of their electricity from wind power.
5. According to the International energy Agency, every country can now achieve high stakes with an effective cost from the use of wind energy and solar energy.
6. Renewable energy now provides 22% of the world’s electricity needs.
7. Growth rate proves how renewable energy can be quickly used and improved.
In just over two years, Japan has installed 11 GW of solar energy. In the electric flow, it is equivalent to more than two nuclear reactors (building a nuclear power plant usually takes a decade or more). Furthermore, Japan has also approved a total of 72 GW of renewable energy projects, most of which are solar. It is comparable to about 16 nuclear reactors, or equivalent to about 20 units of coal-fired power plants.
Last year, China installed a new wind energy as much as the amount of wind energy that existed in other countries when combined. The amount is equal to the number of solar panels installed by the US in the last decade. In four years, China has attempted to double the doubling of its wind and triple energy capacities for solar energy capacities.
In just three years, Germany has increased its share of renewable energy from 17% to 24%. Solar energy itself produced 30 electrical TWhs last year, which is equivalent to the results obtained from about four German nuclear reactors.
Sub-Saharan Africa will further increase the capacity of wind energy, solar energy and geothermal energy at 2014 compared to a total of the last 14 years, whereas India aims to increase solar PV capacity more than six fold in less time From five years, by adding 15 GW in the early 2019.
8. Leading investment banks are starting to advise investors to switch on renewable energy investments.
This is where the breakthrough of renewable energy really looks: the new annual amount of investment in clean energy has doubled since 2006/2007, with growth reaching 16% for the year.
Leading investment banks are starting to advise investors to switch on renewable energy investments. Citi stated in March this year that the time of renewable energy is being initiated. Renewable energy competes more competitively with natural gas in the US, while the use of nuclear and coal energy has begun to be abandoned.
Deutsche Bank considers solar energy now to be highly competitive even without being in at least 19 global markets. They also saw further reductions in the price in 2014. HSBC analysts stated today the cost of wind energy usage competes with the cost of using new coal energy in India, and for the cost of solar energy usage will achieve a balance of around 2016-2018.
While the UBS analyst, according to the Guardian, stated that the use of large power plants in Europe could be excessive within the period of 10-20 years!
So advances in technology such as; Electric cars, cheaper batteries and new solar energy technology become very important, especially in the event of the transfer of dirty power plants into cleaner and safer power plants with renewable energy can run faster than expected.
9. Renewable energy is aimed at the community and is useful for building resilience. Not having access to electricity means losing a lot of opportunity in life. It is still a reality for about 1.3 billion people in the world. But now, renewable energy makes access to energy more affordable.
Its technology is significantly cheaper compared to solar or kerosene in systems it will be cheaper than expanding the power grid in areas with fewer populations and low energy demand per capita.
Clean, locally-controlled solutions, such as microgrids (micro Electric networks) run using solar energy, give the poor control over their own energy fate. The systems used are also relatively inexpensive to maintain and the lives of people who use renewable energy power sources tend to be more stable because they are not tied to the price of fossil fuels or energy demand that is not of large energy conglomerates.
10. 100% renewable energy is the solution to be taken. Renewable energy can meet all of our energy needs. As IPCC findings, that the technical potential of renewable energy use is much higher than all global energy demand.
100% renewable energy is what communities, regions, cities-even big cities-and companies have made it a reality through action and bold targets.
Sydney, Australia’s most populous city, will shift to 100% of renewable energy in its electricity use in 2030. Other cold-air temperatures that will follow include three Nordic capitals (Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen) have also had all the targets set to shift to 100% renewable energy, while Reykjavik has also addressed the issue The.
While the German windy country, Schleswig-Holstein, will probably be able to reach 100% renewable electricity this year, while Cape Verde, an archipelago country in Africa, has a target of 100% renewable energy in 2020. In Denmark, the whole country aims to fulfill all the required electrical power with 100% renewable energy in just 20 years and all energy, including transportation, in 2050.
In addition, according to leading business people (including BT, Commerzbank, H & M, Ikea KPN, Mars, Nestle, Philips and Swiss Re switch using 100% renewable energy is also a smart business decision. They campaigned with the target in 2020, 100 the world’s largest company would commit to 100% renewable energy.
Sustainable sources of renewable energy are no longer an item of science fiction. Every day there are more examples of renewable energy being used and repaired across our fragile planet.
Nevertheless, clean energy still has not won. The strong fossil fuel industry with their allies still fought hard, with the help of hundreds of billions of government subsidies they still enjoy each year.
This raises the question: you want to be on which side? Stuck in the dark centuries of fossil fuels, or basking in the sun and wind of the future of clean energy?